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In this article, we will explore how to quickly set up an asyncio web server using Python 3.9 to handle an aliveness test via a URL. Asynchronous programming with Python’s asyncio library allows us to build efficient web servers that can handle concurrent requests without the need for threads or processes. Aliveness tests are essential for ensuring that our web server is up and running, responding to requests, and is not experiencing any issues.
Before we proceed, make sure you have the following:
- Python 3.9 (or a higher version) installed on your system.
- Basic knowledge of Python and asynchronous programming concepts.
Installing Required Libraries #
The first step is to install the necessary libraries. We will use the
aiohttp library, which provides an easy-to-use asynchronous HTTP client/server framework.
pip install aiohttp
Creating the Asyncio Web Server #
Now let’s create a Python script for our asyncio web server. We’ll name it
aliveness_server.py. You can use your preferred code editor to create the file.
# aliveness_server.py import asyncio from aiohttp import web async def aliveness_handler(request): return web.Response(text="Server is alive and kicking!") async def setup_app(): app = web.Application() app.router.add_get('/check-alive', aliveness_handler) return app if __name__ == "__main__": loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() app = loop.run_until_complete(setup_app()) web.run_app(app, host='localhost', port=8080)
Understanding the Code #
- We import the required modules:
asynciofor asynchronous functionality and
aiohttpfor creating our web server.
aliveness_handlerfunction is an asynchronous coroutine that handles incoming requests to the
/check-aliveURL. It will respond with a simple “Server is alive and kicking!” message.
setup_appfunction creates an aiohttp web application, registers the
aliveness_handlerfor the specified URL, and returns the app instance.
- In the
__main__block, we get the event loop using
asyncio.get_event_loop()and then run the
setup_app()coroutine to get the web application instance.
- Finally, we run the web application using
web.run_app()on the specified host and port (localhost:8080 in this example).
Starting the Server #
To start the asyncio web server, open your terminal, navigate to the directory where
aliveness_server.py is located, and run the following command:
The server will start, and you should see a message similar to:
======== Running on http://localhost:8080 ======== (Press CTRL+C to quit)
Testing the Aliveness Endpoint #
Open your web browser or use a tool like
curl or Postman to access the aliveness endpoint:
You should receive the response “Server is alive and kicking!” confirming that your asyncio web server is set up correctly and handling requests.
Congratulations! You’ve successfully set up an asyncio web server with Python 3.9 to handle an aliveness test via a URL. Asynchronous programming allows your web server to efficiently handle multiple requests concurrently, making it suitable for high-performance applications. You can now build upon this foundation to create more complex and robust web applications using Python’s asyncio and aiohttp libraries.